Healthcare is expensive in Singapore and even after taking advantage of every subsidy and insurance coverage available, Singaporens may still be left with high out-of-pocket costs. In fact, out-of-pocket costs make up almost 37% of total healthcare expenditure in Singapore. This figure is almost 3 times as high as the high-income country average and 1.4x higher than the East Asia & Pacific average. While some procedures may only incur minor out-of-pocket costs (OOP), other procedures may end up costing the patient thousands of dollars. Below, we take a look at which treatments have high out-of-pocket cost, as well as some steps you can take to reduce your financial burden.

Heart Bypass Surgery

Coronary artery disease (heart disease) is one of the most common killers in Singapore, responsible for almost 30% of total deaths in 2016. If untreated, heart disease can result in blocked arteries, which may necessitate